Flags of Carlist Catalonia
In a scenario in which Don Carlos looses to the Spanish liberals but manages to hold his always loyal lands in inland Catalonia and Aragon, even after the loss of Navarra and the Basque Country, and general Ramon Cabrera, "el Tigre del Maestrat", successfully takes Barcelona from the hands of the liberal and infamous general Espoz y Mina, the absolutist powers in Europe reach an agreement to help Don Carlos.
In 1839, the great powers take Spain to the debate tables and the Treaty of Montpellier reaches a conclusion: Spain is to be ruled by Isabel II and her regent mother Maria Cristina, of Liberal mindset, but Don Carlos will retain the lands he could keep and were loyal to him, Catalonia. He would rule as Prince of Catalonia and have the guarantee of Austria, Prussia and the Two Sicilies.
France quickly put this new state into her sphere of influence, while a massive wave of "indianos", wealthy colonists set in Cuba and the Philippines, lost their right to be there, since they were no longer Spaniards. These wealthy enterpreneurs brought back great amounts of money and ideas to Barcelona, and they pushed Don Carlos, King in Catalonia (not "King of Catalonia") for protectionism and industry.
The period of absolute rule and traditionalism ended with the death of Don Carlos V (applying the Spanish number) in 1845, the short-lived reign of Carlos VI, as carlist as his father, who, remarkably lacking diplomacy or good advise, abolished several liberalizing measures brought by his father's most ouverturist advisors and faced a full-sized rebellion that inflamated Barcelona and Tarragona. The rebellion, known as the March of Fire, ended with the rebel battallions of General Joan Prim, notorious liberal rebel leader, besieging the Royal Palace in Santes Creus and Carlos VI shooting to the rebels himself from the palace terrace, until he was shot and killed by a lost bullet.
His brother, the infante Joan, an oddity in the Carlist family (for being an absolute liberal) inherited the crown. He was the last and eldest in the Carlist royal house, and despite the dissent among Carlist followers (traditionalists, absolutists and radical catholics), Joan III was crowned King in Catalonia the 1st of June, 1846, and his reign would last until 1878. A period known as the Liberal Monarchy.
The chart is written in XIXth Century Catalan (I did the best I could, I am no expert in linguistics), which was kind of a dilemma: would Don Carlos learn Catalan now that most of his court and subjects know no Spanihs at all? Would there be a conflict in the beginning of his reign between his court of Spaniard carlists and his loyal Catalan supporters, who would want more Catalan approach in the government, especially with the newly-born defence of the restablishment of Catalan insitutions and culture?
So I thought that this chart should be more of a propaganda sheet targeting Catalan subjects.
The text says:
GOD + FATHERLAND + KING (Carlist motto)
The FLAGS of the Principality, after which, Kingdom of CATALONIA
under the most blessed reign of
the highest King Don CARLOS V of Borbó.
(And then, the flags themselves)
The Flag of the Charter of Catalonia (the "Fur" is a charter of freedom, a Constitution. Carlists promised constitutions of autonomy to those regions that supported them). This is meant to be the civil land flag.
The Flag of Arms of the King, which is a cross of Burgundy, typical Carlist ensign, with the Arms of Don Carlos on it. State land flag.
The Flag of the Kingdom (State land flag), a Catalan flag with the carlist double-headed eagle and cross of Burgundy in the escutcheon.
Constitution War Flag (superposition of the Carlist cross of Burgundy, in itself a widely used war flag, and the Cross of Saint George, traditional Catalan war flag and saint patron of the land).
Flag of the Colonelie (regiment) of St. Eulalia, patron saint of Barcelona and symbol of the defence of the Constitution against the Spaniards. This is an imaginary simplified version, representing the cross in which St. Eulalia was martyrised.
Flag of the King's Guard (plain Carlist flag), a unit composed of many exiled Spanish carlist soldiers.
Flag of the Merchant Navy (civil naval flag), an adapted flag of Barcelona.
Flag of the War Navy, a Flag of Saint George with the Catalan flag in the upper hoist canton, a bit of an English fashion inspiration, but hell, it's a new nation, inspiration has to come from somewhere, and Catalonia was always looking to the sea.
Too long an explanation, but damn.